Promotion of forest development within the framework of Evers-ReForest projects. For an effective mixed deciduous forest to develop in the long term, the following steps must be taken and the Evers-ReForest projects can help to make sure they are.
Preparing the Ground and Fencing
Before planting can even begin, the entire area to be stocked must be fenced. The young saplings are on the menus of many types of animals and must be protected accordingly by enclosing the area.
Once the soil has been prepared, planting follows. 7,000 to 8,000 seedlings per hectare are planted semi-automatically. Planting this number of trees and spacing ensure that tree growth is primarily upwards and not outward. When broadleaf trees like oaks are planted, this close spacing also promotes the process of rejuvenation.
Growth and Care in the Juvenile Phase (First to fifth year)
During the first year, the root system is established. Definite growth is not yet observable. As of the second year, the saplings are acclimatized, and a strong growth spurt takes place. To achieve optimum development, annual care is also necessary. Undergrowth (grasses, shrubs, etc.) must be reduced or removed, for example, by cutting. This give the tree more room and provides it with better access to light and water. At the end of the juvenile stage, the trees have then reached a height of between 2 and 4 m, depending on the type of tree.
Thinning during the Flowering Phase (as of the fifth year)
The term thinning (care of the young plantation) stands for all methods used to look after the stand following the juvenile phase. This includes the selective removal of all expendable, badly shaped (twin stems, twisted or coarsely branched), diseased or damaged tree growth. The object is to promote as much good stock as possible by removing the bad.